Classifications of Mundari Expressives and Other Reduplicated Structures Based on Phonological Patterns, Transitivity, and the Effects of Valency-Reducing Affixes
Swarthmore College. Dept. of Linguistics
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Despite academic interest in the Munda languages of South Asia (Anderson 1999, Mohan 2008, Osada 1991, 2008) and their propensity for reduplication, previous work in this area does not address the resulting reduplicated structures' interactions with verbal morphology. I examine the valency of expressives, a class of ideophones in Mundari, comparing their behaviors as predicates to those of reduplicated verb forms. I further describe several valency-altering affixes indicating passive voice, reflexivity, and reciprocality, in conjunction with these reduplicated forms. I then propose a set of groupings for Mundari expressives based on valency and interaction with these affixes, complementing an existing classification by Toshiki Osada based on phonological patterns which I also expand upon.