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    “I’ll Be Watching You:” The Mediating Role of Jealousy and Trust Between Attachment and Surveillance
    (2023) Levy, Zara; Le, Benjamin
    Previous research has explored the role of individual differences, psychological experiences, and relational variables in surveillance behaviors, like stalking. However in the modern age, with most people active on social networking sites (SNS), do these individual differences still affect the likelihood of an individual surveilling their partner online, and if so, do these psychological experiences of jealousy and the relational variable of trust impact it? The aim of this study was to replicate and add to these findings by examining if anxious attachment predicts online surveillance, mediated by romantic jealousy and trust. Three hundred participants completed an online questionnaire that assessed demographics, attachment style, romantic jealousy on different SNS platforms, trust in one’s partner, and online surveillance behaviors. Both romantic jealousy and trust mediate the association between high anxious attachment and online surveillance. Additionally, both romantic jealousy and trust mediate the association between high avoidant attachment and online surveillance, opposing previous literature. Implications of this research include understanding what makes an individual physically or virtually surveil their romantic partner.
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    Internal Tempo in the Workplace: The New Frontier for Professional Efficiency
    (2023) Pieper, Susanna; Boltz, Marilyn
    Internal tempo is a trait that every individual has - it embodies their relationship with psychological time and influences how they perceive and interact with the world around them. Recent research has begun looking at time and how individual perceptions of time impact individuals and groups of people, but one frontier that has been less explored is how psychological time affects groups of people in the workplace. This paper reviews the tenets of internal tempo and other psychological temporal concepts, branching into how time and professional settings interact. It finishes with suggestions on how organizations can optimize their employee satisfaction and overall productivity by better understanding and embracing tenets of psychological time, particularly with regards to temporal profiles of different professions and a time urgency scale specifically designed for professional situations.
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    “Why am I still with you?”: The Role of Implicit Theories of Relationships in Predicting Commitment to an Unfulfilling Relationship
    (2023) Kussman, Mia A.; Le, Benjamin
    Why do people remain committed to unfulfilling romantic relationships? This study investigated how growth and destiny theories of relationships interact with perceptions of need fulfillment and partner fit to predict commitment in an online sample of individuals in exclusive, non-marital relationships (N = 302). Perceived need fulfillment was positively related to commitment, and both growth belief and the interaction between destiny belief and partner fit moderated this association. Specifically, there was a stronger association between need fulfillment and commitment for individuals low in growth belief compared to those high in growth belief. Further, there was a weaker association between need fulfillment and commitment for individuals high in destiny belief and partner fit compared to individuals high in destiny belief and low in partner fit. This study contributes to the evidence that individual differences in growth and destiny beliefs guide people’s understanding of negative relationship circumstances.
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    Explanations on why ‘WEIRD’ Brains are Hard to Study: Exploring the Barriers in Collecting and Reporting Racial Demographics in the Field of Cognitive Neuroscience
    (2023) Handler, Lauren T.; Le, Benjamin
    Current practices indicate that collecting and reporting racial demographics is not the norm within the field of cognitive neuroscience (Goldfarb & Brown, 2022). The current study used linear regression and multiple linear regression analyses to determine attitude, demographic, and policy-based predictors for valuing racially diverse samples. The findings were based on survey answers from a convenience sample of neuroscientists from cognitive neuroscience listservs and individuals from the top 20 neuroscience programs in the United States (n = 88). Racially diverse samples were rated significantly higher than racially homogenous samples. Additionally, the number of years since graduation from the researcher’s highest earned degree was negatively correlated with valuing racially diverse samples. The present findings suggest the field should have increased support and incentives for researchers to pursue utilizing more representative samples and radically reexamine how best to influence progressive change, particularly among those in the highest positions of power.
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    The Impact of Multi-level Acute Stress on Behavioral Inhibitory Control: an ERP Study
    (2023) Costa, Leo T.; Compton, Rebecca J. (Rebecca Jean)
    Prior investigation has shown that both chronic and acute stress can enhance response inhibition, unexpectedly, considering stress' broadly negative impact on executive function. This study was interested in observing whether this effect was true across all stress levels, or if stress might enhance this executive function at mild levels and be to its detriment at higher levels, following the Yerkes-Dodson law of arousal and performance. Participants performed a Go/NoGo task at baseline and following three serial subtraction stress inductions of increasing severity in counterbalanced order to assess response inhibition at various levels of stress. During each session, participants' EEG signals were recorded. Self-report affect scores and heart rate were used to assess the successfulness of the stress inductions. Contrary to what we hypothesized, results failed to replicate the findings of other labs where stress enhanced response inhibition, though some evidence was found that stress could harm this executive function. This null finding extended to EEG analyses of N2 and P3 ERP amplitudes. However, P3 and N2 peaks overall, as well as differences between Go and NoGo ERP responsiveness, differed based on scalp region. Further investigation is warranted to understand the discrepancy between our findings and the literature, in particular to understand whether the effect of stress on response inhibition is time sensitive.