ACROPOLIS NOW: A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY OF THE RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE OF ROMAN CONTROLLED ATHENS WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE EXPANDING ROMAN EMPIRE 146 BCE – 256 CE
Bryn Mawr College. Department of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology
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This thesis explores the nature of the treatment of Athens during the Roman occupation of the city by focusing on additions and changes made to the religious landscape. There is a specific focus on the architecture of the Acropolis, Agora, and Olympieion. The differentiated treatment of these three spaces underscores the nuances in the way the Romans interacted with the city as a whole. The first chapter offers background on the topic, and outlines the methodology used in this analysis. Chapters 2 and 3 provide a quantitative examination of the architecture in each area before and after the Romans took control of Athens. Finally, Chapter 4 engages in a discussion on the significance of the changes that are seen and proposes connections between these changes that reveal some of the motivations behind the Romans’ choices. Ultimately, this thesis proposes that through this analysis we can see evidence for the unique treatment of Athens within the context of Roman Expansion.