Addressing Maternal Health in 21st Century America: An Exploration of Risk, Motherhood, and Reclamation
Haverford College. Department of Anthropology
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African Americans' experiences of racial and gender-related stress and discrimination negatively impact their behaviours and emotions related to their health care during pregnancy 6 that is deeply rooted in the United States history of slavery and marginalization of Black women. This has resulted in higher risks for negative birth outcomes and difficulties in early motherhood that expecting mothers of other races in the U.S. do not have to face. In response to these racial disparities in maternal healthcare, black maternal health advocates and leaders have collectively taken a stand against the racial violence placed against their communities by encouraging African American women to reclaim their bodies and rights to African ancestral birth practices and reform their communities of black reproductive health workers.