Institutional Scholarship

Labor Market Outcomes of Mexican Immigrants in Mexican Border States

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dc.contributor.advisor Jilani, Saleha Simon, Marina P. 2017-08-30T13:17:49Z 2017-08-30T13:17:49Z 2017
dc.description.abstract This thesis compares labor market outcomes of foreign born Mexican-American immigrants and native born United States citizens of all races within states that border Mexico and states which do not border Mexico. It also examines the effect of Hispanic heritage for U.S.-born “second generation” immigrants, and racial composition upon the earning potential of U.S. workers. Following theory about media agenda settings from sociology and communications literature, this study seeks to understand the effect of geography (which is correlated with exposure to immigrant populations, exposure to immigration related media, etc.) within the United States upon discriminatory hiring practices. Using IPUMS USA data from 1920 – 2015, I compare results across four broad time periods which correspond to different immigration and hiring policies in the United States: the pre-WWII era, the Bracero Program era, the Post-Bracero Program era, and the current era which is associated with legislative attempts to curb Mexican migrant workers. Results indicate that there is indeed evidence for labor market discrimination, reflected in disparities in income and unemployment outcomes. The gap in wages and employment opportunities worsens over time, as foreign born Mexican-American immigrants are increasingly disadvantaged. This effect is larger in states that share a border with Mexico than in states which do not.
dc.description.sponsorship Haverford College. Department of Economics
dc.language.iso eng
dc.title Labor Market Outcomes of Mexican Immigrants in Mexican Border States
dc.type Thesis
dc.rights.access Haverford users only

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