Implicit Personality Theory: Sex-Differences in Factor Structure
Haverford College. Department of Psychology
Place of Publication
Table of Contents
Haverford users only
On the primary bases of theorists such as Ashmore (1981), and Peabody (1988), this pilot study examined the influence of gender on implicit personality theory (IPT). Due to the lack of previous IPT studies involving sex-differences, solid hypotheses as to the qualitative nature of these sex-differences could not be generated. Subjects (Ss) were 53 college students (25 male; 28 female) who were divided into four groups on the basis of their own sex and on target sex (males rating males, males rating females, females rating males and females rating females). Ss performed a 1-9 rating task in which they evaluated the likelihood of specific personality traits coexisting with other traits in sex-specified targets. Factor analysis results indicated large structural and semantic differences in the IPT structures elicited by each subject group. Results were compared to Peabody's (1988) "Five Factors," and were discussed in relation to the importance of future study of sex-specific IPT.