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Facial display when alone: An experiment which contrasts the views of Paul Ekman and Alan Fridlund

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dc.contributor.advisor Perloe, Sidney Chen, Michael Anthony 2015-03-27T19:44:53Z 2015-03-27T19:44:53Z 1989
dc.description.abstract In order to test the merits of Paul Ekman's neurocultural (1975) versus Alan Fridlund's Behavioral-Ecology (in press) views of facial expression, an experiment was done to test the affects of what Fridlund calls "imaginary interactants" on subjects' responses (smiling and laughing) to humorous stimuli (clips from well known comedies film) which the subjects watched while alone. 50 male subjects were randomly assigned to the two experimental groups: anticipated interaction (told that they would be talking about the tape with someone else) and completely alone. Neither group knew that watching the clips was the actual experimental task. There was also a post-watching interview which was designed to determine the amount of thought about "potential imagined interactants" which took place in the minds of the subjects. The results showed no difference between the two groups' smiling and laughing. The data were then divided on the basis of subjects' responses to certain interview questions. ANOVAs were run based on the interview data and revealed that subjects laugh with high intensity most when they are not thinking about particular other people (p<.Ol). This-finding is in direct conflict with Fridlund's theory. It was also discovered, however, that when people wished for others' presence they laughed and smiled more (p<.Ol). The results are discussed in detail, and seem to support adoption of an Ekmanian perspective, but the author calls for more work in the area.
dc.description.sponsorship Haverford College. Department of Psychology
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject.lcsh Face perception
dc.subject.lcsh Ekman, Paul
dc.subject.lcsh Fridlund, Alan J
dc.title Facial display when alone: An experiment which contrasts the views of Paul Ekman and Alan Fridlund
dc.type Thesis
dc.rights.access Haverford users only

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