Institutional Scholarship

From Famine Relief to Diplomatic Alliance: How a National Intelligence Estimate changed American-Yugoslav Relations in 1950

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dc.contributor.author Barton, Mary S.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-04-29T18:23:44Z
dc.date.available 2014-04-29T18:23:44Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10066/13641
dc.description.abstract My thesis explores the process by which the National Intelligence Estimates of the Central Intelligence Agency shaped U.S. foreign policy toward Yugoslavia in 1950. That year President Harry S. Truman and Secretary of State Dean Acheson advocated legislation to provide famine relief aid for the communist government of Josip Broz Tito. The intelligence estimates received by Truman and Acheson throughout 1950 endorsed an increased American participation in Yugoslav domestic affairs. National Intelligence Estimate-7, published in November 1950, provided information that Tito's government faced internal instability due to food shortages caused by a severe drought that summer. Yugoslavia was also threatened by a presumably imminent Soviet satellite attack. Significantly the intelligence reports restricted U.S. involvement to financial assistance only and avoided military avenues. The Intelligence Community's analysis of Yugoslavia defended the Department of State's new realpolitik framework concerning Eastern Europe. After 1949, Department of State officials promoted indirectly backing schismatic communist regimes. They believed that the emergence of national communist governments would lead to rifts and conflicts inside the Soviet world. The Department of State formed this opinion after Yugoslavia's expulsion from the Cominform and the resulting Stalin-Tito conflict. Consequently, the State Department had a vested interest in sustaining the Yugoslav government as a symbolic alterative to Soviet-style communism and hegemony. Washington's primary aim during the formative Cold War years was to contain the territorial expansion and political influence of the Soviet Union. In 1950, interest-based, pragmatic considerations shaped American policy toward Yugoslavia. Intelligence reports were at the core of this policy produced by the President and Secretary of State and eventually permitted by Congress. The CIA's Yugoslav estimates emphasized practical and geopolitical considerations in American diplomacy; and as a result, produced a more nuanced approach by policymakers and Congress toward communism in the early Cold War.
dc.description.sponsorship Haverford College. Department of History
dc.language.iso eng
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/us/
dc.subject.lcsh United States -- Foreign relations -- Yugoslavia
dc.subject.lcsh Yugoslavia -- Foreign relations -- United States
dc.title From Famine Relief to Diplomatic Alliance: How a National Intelligence Estimate changed American-Yugoslav Relations in 1950
dc.type Thesis
dc.rights.access Haverford users only


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