Browsing by Subject "Well-being"
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- ItemCrossing the Divide Between Aristotle's Phronesis and Techne to Discover a More Inclusive Way of Living Well(2015) Chai, Rodney Ming-Fui; Yurdin, JoelIn my paper, I argue that the Chinese Taoist philosopher, Zhuang Zi (369-286 BC) can help us see that Aristotle's distinction between two of his intellectual virtues - phronesis (practical wisdom) and techne (craftsmanship) - is not that clear after all. I will first introduce Aristotle's intellectual virtues in his Nicomachean Ethics. In particular, I will distinguish between techne and phronesis. Next, I will show how the two are related, especially how someone who has mastered a particular technical know-how can help him/her gain practical wisdom in living his/her life. Following which, I will bring in Zhuang Zi's parable of Butcher Ting cutting the ox to show how one can cultivate his/her character and state of psychology and therefore live an excellent life by being immersed and excelling in his/her techne. I will then address possible objections from Aristotle, primarily that it is possible for one to excel in his/her techne but nonetheless lack the wisdom to live well in the daily context. Following my counter-response with Zhuang Zi's distinction between 'small' and 'big' understanding, I will then argue that it is sufficient rather than necessary to possess techne in order to live well. Finally, I will conclude by saying that blurring the divide between techne and phronesis provides an alternative route for people to acquire the knowledge of living well despite a lack of education or literacy.
- ItemThe Influence of Conversations through Transformational Processing: Narrative Identity Formation and Well-being(2010) Marinucci, DaniellePast research has shown that there are qualitative differences between processing positive and negative life events. This study attempted to test the influence of a conversation on the way in which individuals make sense of their life events. We predicted that the conversation would impact how individuals' narrative identities are transformed by the events as well as the degree to which individuals' well-being increased or decreased over two weeks. Furthermore, we expected that the personality of the individual processing the event would impact well-being two weeks after the conversation. Although the predicted effects on well-being and narrative identity were not observed, some findings lend support to the study's main hypotheses. This study has just begun to examine how conversations affect narrative identity and long-term well-being. More research should continue to focus on this topic to determine the most effective ways of processing positive events and working through negative events.
- Item“This IS Who I Am:” The Influence of Social Context and Ego Development on the Racial Identity Choice of Multiracial Young Adults and the Implications for Well-being(2016) Suzuki, Rebecca; Lilgendahl, JenniferThis study was an exploratory analysis of how a specific personality factor (ego development) and contextual factor (racial compositions of social networks in childhood) contributes to the development of a racial identity in multiracial young adults, and furthermore, how this identity choice affects well-being. We applied Rockquemore & Brunsma’s (2002) Multidimensional Model of Biracial Identity to multiracial young adults (18-25) of many types of mixed backgrounds, and found that those who identified as Transcendent (e.g., someone who does not believe in racial in racial identities) were more likely to have grown up around people racially similar to them, while those who identified as Singular (e.g., someone who identifies as one race exclusively) were more likely to have lower ego development. Furthermore, we found that those who identified as Protean (e.g., someone who switches between different racial identifications) and as Singular were more likely to have lower well-being and those who identified as Validated Border (e.g., someone who had a uniquely multiracial identity that is validated by others) were more likely to have higher well-being, despite how they viewed their identity (measured using narrative qualities). Future research should continue to understand the multiracial experience as a whole by looking at other factors that contribute to racial identity development and how these identities relate to well-being.
- ItemTransformational Processing of Negative Events: Implications for Well-Being(2012) Galef, Nicolas; Lilgendahl, JenniferThe current study constituted an investigation into narrative processing of negative events, using an expressive writing paradigm (Pennebaker & Beall, 1986), in terms of its effects on an individual's well-being. This study was among the first to experimentally prime distinct narrative processing styles, including transformational processing (Pals, 2006a; 2006b; 2006c). It was hypothesized that transformational processing would lead to the greatest increases in well-being, and that greater presence of personal growth and emotional complexity in written samples would mediate that effect. Participants were instructed to write about a particularly traumatic event from their past in one of three narrative processing styles (vs. a neutral writing task for control subjects) during three writing sessions taking place over three consecutive days. Well-being measures were recorded before writing, and then both one day and one week following the end of the writing sessions. The collected narratives were coded for the presence of exploratory narrative processing, coherent positive resolution, and statements of personal growth. Analyses revealed no effect of transformational processing on well-being, but it did establish a strong causal relationship with growth. The implications for the relationship between transformational processing and narrative growth, which had previously only been shown through correlational data, are discussed, along with suggestions for future research to improve upon the current study.