Browsing by Subject "Environmental ethics"
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- ItemBeyond Environmental Morality: Towards a Viable Environmental Ethic(s)(2009) Richards, Tim; Miller, Jerry; Gangadean, Ashok K., 1941-Environmental ethics assumes that humans are, at the core, environmentally "bad" because we are currently destroying nature. This operative assumption of environmental ethics as a field is what I want to term contemporary environmental morality, wherein humans and their industry, technology, and economy are considered to be "evil" in contrast to ecosystems, wilderness, or nature, which are valued as "good." More pointedly, environmental ethics as it stands presupposes that there is an entity called "nature" that we humans are differentiated from and have an obligation towards as outside actors. This is what I want to call environmental dualism, which holds humans as separate from, rather than a part of, nature; and, in keeping with contemporary environmental morality, as a force that is destroying this entity called "nature." Both the environmental dualism and the contemporary environmental morality that characterize environmental ethical thought are inaccurate for two reasons. Firstly, humans are a part of nature—we are organic beings and all of our actions occur within a larger ecological framework. Secondly, though humans could accurately be described as environmentally "bad" historically, our species can become a force for environmental "good," both industrially with respect to manufacturing processes and developmentally with respect to land use. If we reframe the basic story such that we humans, as an integral part of nature, can contribute positively as vital, productive parts of the whole, new ideas and possibilities emerge. Humans do not have to be detrimental to the environment; we are not fundamentally flawed in this respect despite what environmental moralists might say. By going beyond the environmental morality and dualism exemplified by modern environmental ethics as a field, we as ethical thinkers and activists can begin to be effective in our efforts to advocate for a more ecologically adapted society with environmentally conscious lifestyles.
- ItemEcological Spirituality in the Quaker Intentional Village in Canaan(2009) Pelchat, Cathie V.; Hucks, Tracey E., 1965-In this paper, I place the QIV-C within ecological spirituality, a movement that is grounded in a faith in organic interdependence and wholeness, an ethic of care, and an inclusive sense of community. Underlying these components is a creed of embodiment, a belief in the sacredness, innate worth, and interconnectedness of all the bodies of the earth. This embodiment theology calls for an attitude of care and respect towards both human and nonhuman bodies. The QIV-C enacts this creed in its physical interaction, or embodied participation, with its surrounding environment. Acts of embodied participation, like building their own homes and growing their own food, are practice or ritual in changing their worldviews as related to the earth. These acts are also a practice in physically reconnecting with the wider, organic community of the earth. Essentially, embodied participation is ritualized action in earth-healing. My goal in this paper is to define ecological spirituality, and then place the QIV-C within the movement, despite the members’ unfamiliarity with it. I define ecological spirituality as a movement comprised of a deep sense of unity, an inclusive notion of community, and a theology of embodiment. These components of ecological spirituality are manifested in the QIV-C through their aesthetic choices, their sense of community, and their "do-it-yourself," hands-on approach in sustaining themselves. This research serves as a case study that demonstrates what ecological spirituality looks like enacted. The aims of this research are to demonstrate the ways in which religion and spirituality play a role in the ecological crisis, and to encourage more interdisciplinary collaboration in regards to the ecological crisis we now face.
- ItemKeeping Earth in Sight : The Auratic View, The Commodified Image, and Arriving at a Sense of Place(2004) Smolker, David; Gangadean, Ashok K., 1941-; Wright, Kathleen, 1944-