Browsing by Author "Farmer, Matthew C."
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- ItemA Feminist Exploration of the Mother-Daughter Relationship in Euripides’ Elektra(2023) Pak, Celine; Farmer, Matthew C.This paper engages with two Black feminist theorists, Audre Lorde and Saidiya Hartman, in order to identify a liberatory methodology with which one can create a positive reading of Elektra and Clytemnestra, the two central female figures within Euripides’ Elektra. The paper focuses particularly on the effects of language and narrative on one’s perceived reality, and attempts to center each woman’s words, even as their words and narratives affect one another. In doing so, the final goal of the paper is to look at the mother-daughter relationship between the two characters as a whole, and the tragic effects of that relationship that inundate the play.
- ItemIo and Trauma in Ovid's Metamorphoses: Rape and Transformation(2019) Sawyer, Maggie; Farmer, Matthew C.This close reading of the Io episode in Ovid’s Metamorphoses encourages an interdisciplinary dialogue between classical studies and psychology by examining indicators of trauma in the character Io. Unlike previous studies that attempted to extrapolate claims about Ovid’s perceptions of rape, this reading emphasizes the subject’s (Io’s) experience and reveals how her transformations themselves are significant elements of her trauma. This thesis builds on the work of psychologists who have explored how reading ancient myths can augment our understanding of the narratives of modern survivors of sexual trauma. Caregivers, psychologists, and even the survivors themselves can identify with the portrayals of universal human suffering in these myths; in this way, reading ancient texts can help uplift marginalized voices of antiquity and today, even when the texts' authors might not have been marginalized persons themselves. Lastly, this close reading methodology follows in the theoretical footsteps of classicist Leo Curran and encourages classicists to engage more deeply with the text's thematic representations of women's suffering. Both unique themes in Io’s story (e.g. Argus as a subjugator) and programmatic themes that recur throughout the Metamorphoses (e.g. fear, loss of agency, loss of voice, and the punishment of female rape survivors by female goddesses) are explored.
- ItemIt’s Complicated: Relations Between Greek Settlers and Indigenous Sicilians at Megara Hyblaea, Syracuse, and Leontinoi in the 8th and 7th Centuries BCE(2019) Sterngass, Aaron; Farmer, Matthew C.; Edmonds, Radcliffe G., III, 1970-; Kitroeff, Alexander; Hayton, DarinGreek interactions with indigenous Sicilians in the Archaic Period have traditionally been examined through the lens of violent colonization by historians from Ancient Greece all the way through the mid-20th century. Recently, postcolonial studies and a new emphasis on material evidence have led scholars to change this narrative, highlighting the possibility of more peaceful and synergetic exchanges between Greeks and natives. This paper examines the relations between Greeks and native Sicilians in the 8th and 7th centuries BCE at Megara Hyblaea, Syracuse, and Leontinoi, three sites at which Thucydides recorded early interactions between Greek settlers and native communities/authorities. To supplement the evidence found at these sites, native communities and other Greek settlements associated with these sites were also analyzed. Through the analysis of ancient sources, material evidence, and modern interpretations which combined both, this paper argues that the earliest Greek settlers at Syracuse, Leontinoi, and Megara Hyblaea had far more complex relations with indigenous Sicilians than is described in the ancient texts and the all-but-recent scholarship. However, it also concludes that while the modern model of more peaceful and cooperative encounters is useful in studying Greco-native relations, it does not fully account for localized differences in these interactions, which often varied widely over short distances and periods of time. The paper advocates for an historical portrayal of indigenous Sicilians as dynamic and innovative whose influences on the Greeks are often overlooked in textbooks, but also encourages the depiction of both Greeks and indigenous peoples as active participants in systems of exchange instead of maintaining static, one-dimensional relationships such as “cordial” or “hostile.”
- ItemOPEN INVITATIONS: PARTICIPATION, IMPROVISATION, AND PARTICIPATORY MODELS OF SPECTATORSHIP IN ARISTOPHANES AND PLATO(2021) Crusius, Helena; Farmer, Matthew C.
- ItemThe Virtues of the Dead: Women's Funerary Monuments in Classical Attica(2020) Johnson, Hope; Farmer, Matthew C.This thesis addresses the topic of women's funerary stelai from Classical Attica which praise the virtue of the deceased. In contrast to earlier scholars, I argue for a holistic approach when analyzing these monuments, maintaining that epigraphy and iconography are inextricably interconnected and must be analyzed appropriately. These elements provide complementary information, working together to give viewers a complete picture of the roles the deceased fulfilled during her lifetime as well as the ways in which she exercised her virtue within the familial and domestic spheres. In addition, I argue that these laudatory grave stelai served a purpose beyond marking where an individual was buried. Such monuments performed a multifaceted role in identity construction on various scales, functioning to establish not only the identity of the individual deceased but also the identity of the idealized woman. Furthermore, the grave markers aided in the construction of the identities of the oikos and the polis by illustrating the virtuous natures of the women they produced. Although any given stele might foreground one aspect of identity more than the other aspects, the fact that many monuments constructed all four of these concepts of identity simultaneously is proof of their complexity, which prompts further study.